The Community Support Functions of Services Supporting Families with Young Children: A Focus on the Community-Based Child-Rearing Support Services and User Support Services


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  • 全ての子育て家庭を対象とした「地域支援」機能の現況―地域子育て支援拠点事業と利用者支援事業の「地域支援」機能に着目して―


<p>In order to enhance community support practice that targets all families with children, this study aimed to describe structurally the functions of “community support” offered by Community-Based Child-Rearing Support Services (CCSS) and User Support Services (USS) and to tentatively propose measures for promoting these functions drawing on community-based social work (CBSW) theory.</p><p>The authors identified 4 categories of “community support” practice from 25 items obtained by pioneering work in CCSS/USS, while 4 community social work factors were identified by analyzing 27 items obtained from CBSW theory. A correlation analysis revealed positive associations between all 4 categories of CCSS/USS and all 4 factors of CBSW. Particularly, a strong correlation was found between the category of “to encourage the initiatives local residents are undertaking to support families” (CCSS/USS) and the factor of “to co-create resources with local residents (CBSW). The results suggest the possibility that introducing CBSW theory into the program of professional development training in CCSS, USS and other related fields could improve “community support” practice.</p>



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