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Comparison of upper limb motion energy flow between high and low bat head speed groups in baseball

  • Kawamura Takashi
    Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Koike Sekiya
    Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Ae Kazumichi
    Department of Physical Therapy, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • 野球の打撃における上肢のエネルギーフロー
  • 野球の打撃における上肢のエネルギーフロー : バット・ヘッドスピードの上位群と下位群のスイング局面の比較
  • ヤキュウ ノ ダゲキ ニ オケル ジョウシ ノ エネルギーフロー : バット ・ ヘッドスピード ノ ジョウイグン ト カイグン ノ スイング キョクメン ノ ヒカク
  • :バット・ヘッドスピードの上位群と下位群のスイング局面の比較

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Abstract

This study examined the flow of energy in the right and left upper limbs of skilled baseball batters during the forward swing motion at different bat head speeds to obtain basic insights that would be useful for batting coaching. The subjects were 23 college baseball outfielders in university teams. The subjects were instructed to hit a ball toward the pitcher from a tee set at a mid-height position. Measurements were taken using 47 points on each subject’s body and 6 points on the bat for a total of 53 points, onto which reflective markers were attached. The 3D coordinates of each marker were measured using a 3D optical motion capture device (Vicon Motion Systems’ VICONMX, 12 cameras, 250 Hz). The variables in the kinetics of each hand were measured using a force detection sensor bat (1000 Hz). The subjects were separated into a faster group of 36.8±0.8 m/s and a slower group of 34.7±1.1 m/s for analysis. In terms of energy transmission, the data revealed that the faster group, in addition to showing additional torque on the knob side shoulder joints, were able to transmit more mechanical energy from the knob side shoulder joints to the end of the upper limbs than the slower group, and that this might be related to an efficient bat head speed. In addition, the faster group showed an increased positive torque power, and transmitted greater mechanical energy to the bat from the hand region. In other words, to prevent mechanical energy from being absorbed while adjusting the bat trajectory near the time of impact, skilled bat control involving movement of the hand joints appeared to determine the bat head speed.

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