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Effects of environmental factors in rice paddies and the surrounding landscape on the aquatic insect community (Coleoptera, Hemiptera)

DOI
  • Watanabe Reiya
    Laboratory of Conservation Ecology, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Nikkeshi Aoi
    Divison of Biodiversity, Institute for Agro-Environmental Science, NARO
  • Yokoi Tomoyuki
    Laboratory of Conservation Ecology, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • 水田内の環境と周辺の景観が水生昆虫群集(コウチュウ目・カメムシ目) に与える影響
  • スイデン ナイ ノ カンキョウ ト シュウヘン ノ ケイカン ガ スイセイ コンチュウ グンシュウ(コウチュウモク ・ カメムシモク)ニ アタエル エイキョウ

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Abstract

The diversity of carnivorous aquatic insects (Coleoptera; Hemiptera) is declining with changes in the rice paddy environment. Environmentally friendly farming methods that reduce the use of pesticides and herbicides are gaining attention as effective conservation methods. However, little is known about how environmental factors other than farming practices affect aquatic insect communities. Here, we investigated the effects of multiple factors on aquatic insect communities at the individual rice paddy and landscape levels. The results showed that the taxon richness of aquatic insects increased with prey abundance and water temperature, but decreased with conventional farming practices. The landscape between 2,000-3,000 m best explained the taxon richness and the abundance of aquatic insects. The ratio of water area excluding paddies (ponds, fallow paddies, and rivers) had a positive effect on the taxon richness of aquatic insects, whereas the proportion of rice paddies had a negative effect. We suggest that a stable prey supply and the management of water areas and forests are needed to conserve aquatic insects, in addition to promoting environmentally friendly farming.

Journal

Details

  • CRID
    1390564238104075776
  • NII Article ID
    130007672335
  • NII Book ID
    AA11857952
  • DOI
    10.18960/hozen.24.1_49
  • ISSN
    24241431
    13424327
  • NDL BIB ID
    029778670
  • Text Lang
    ja
  • Data Source
    • JaLC
    • NDL
    • CiNii Articles
  • Abstract License Flag
    Allowed

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