Load Characteristics of Sprint Interval Training According to 400m Running Performance: Competitive Level Comparison

  • Okudaira Masamichi
    Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Science, University of Tsukuba
  • Kuki Seita
    Faculty of Human Science, Osaka University of Economics
  • Yoshida Takuya
    Faculty of Health and Sports Science, University of Tsukuba of Tsukuba
  • Fukuda David H.
    School of Kinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Central Florida
  • Tanigawa Satoru
    Faculty of Health and Sports Science, University of Tsukuba of Tsukuba

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<p>This study aimed to compare the load characteristics of sprint interval training (SIT) according to 400-m sprint performance. Eight elite sprinters and ten sub-elite sprinters were separated according to 400-m sprint performance and participated in this study (age: 21.0±2.5 years, height: 176.0±4.0 cm, and body mass: 67.0±5.3 kg). All subjects performed two different SIT protocols on a cycle ergometer. The SIT protocols consisted of two bouts of 20-s maximal sprints interspersed with either 30-s rest (R-30s) or 60-s rest (R-60s). Mean power output over both sprints in R-60s was significantly greater than in R-30s in both groups (p<0.001). In the elite group, blood lactate did not significantly differ between R-30s and R-60s even though different mean power output was recorded. However, in the sub-elite group, blood lactate from the R-60s condition was significantly greater than from the R-30s condition (p<0.05). These results indicate different physiological responses to SIT depending on 400-m sprint capabilities. To enhance anaerobic adaptations, it is suggested that elite 400-m sprinters should utilize SIT with very short recovery periods, while sub-elite 400-m sprinters should utilize relatively longer recovery periods.</p>

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