[Updated on Apr. 18] Integration of CiNii Articles into CiNii Research

Exploring the Actual Situation of Social Frailty among the Elderly (Older Adults) in an Aging Residential Area

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  • Tamaura Yuki
    Department of Health and Nutrition, Faculty of Human Life Studies, University of Niigata Prefecture
  • Akamatsu Rie
    Natural Science Division, Faculty of Core Research, Ochanomizu University
  • Fujiwara Keiko
    Department of Nutrition, Ryokufuso Hospital
  • Nishimura Kazuhiro
    Department of Nutrition, Ryokufuso Hospital Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Human Health, Komazawa Women’s University
  • Karasawa Miki
    Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University
  • Sakai Masashi
    Department of Internal Medicine, Ryokufuso Hospital

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • 高齢化の進む集合住宅団地における社会的フレイルの実態把握
  • コウレイカ ノ ススム シュウゴウ ジュウタク ダンチ ニ オケル シャカイテキ フレイル ノ ジッタイ ハアク

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Abstract

<p>Objective: This study examined community-dwelling older adults individuals' concerns and needs relating to everyday "social participation", which has been suggested to be an important factor in the prevention of social frailty.</p><p>Methods: A total of 839 households in one area in Tokyo were asked to self-complete questionnaire, which included household composition, social participation status, activities of daily living (ADL), and social support as indicators of social frailty. Participants were also asked to freely describe the reasons for their answers, and make requests and suggestions for improvement of their current situation. The differences in ADL or social support, depending on the social participation status among the households with residents aged 65 years or older, were analyzed using the χ2 test or Fisher's exact test. Regarding the section describing reasons for provided answers, the results were qualitatively categorized.</p><p>Results: Of the 281 households (33.5% response rate) who answered survey items relating to, household composition, 224 households (79.7%) had at least one older adult aged 65 or older. Regarding social participation survey items, a total 37.0% of households who answered "I want to be involved but cannot" or "I do not want to be involved"' had some concern about ADL and/or social support. In these households, conditions of physical frailty were suspected, such as poor physical condition, and/or age-related physical weakness and anxiety.</p><p>Conclusion: Evaluation and intervention based on the presence of physical frailty are suggested to improve social frailty.</p>

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