[Updated on Apr. 18] Integration of CiNii Articles into CiNii Research

The Effect of Reinforcer Amount and Difference Between Reinforcers on the Choice for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • BABA Chitose
    Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • GONG Liyuan
    Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • NORO Fumiyuki
    Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba

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Other Title
  • 強化子の量と強化子の違いが自閉スペクトラム症児の選択に及ぼす影響
  • キョウカコ ノ リョウ ト キョウカコ ノ チガイ ガ ジヘイスペクトラムショウジ ノ センタク ニ オヨボス エイキョウ

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<p>In this study, we examined the effects of the reinforcer amount presented after choice and the impact of reinforcers on choice in children with autism spectrum disorder. Two alternatives were presented in the experiment: One with a relatively large number and the other with a relatively small number of reinforcers. By manipulating reinforcer amount presented, two conditions were set: One where the reinforcers were presented for both alternatives and the other where they were not presented for one alternative. Character image and food were used as reinforcers. The results revealed the rate of choice for the alternative with many reinforcers was higher in the condition where the reinforcers were not presented in one alternative than when the reinforcers were presented in both options. In addition, there was a difference in the rate of choice of options from which many reinforcers were obtained depending on the type of reinforcer. In conclusion, it was suggested that when the difference in the reinforcer amount of choices presented was clear, which influenced the choice was influenced. Furthermore, the type of reinforcers influenced the choice of reinforcer amount.</p>


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