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Factors affecting intention and behavior of nurses in initial response to radiation accident/disaster

  • Tsutsumi Yayoi
    Hirosaki University Graduate School of Health Sciences, PhD course National Institute for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology
  • Noto Yuka
    Hirosaki University Graduate School of Health Sciences
  • Akashi Makoto
    Ryugasaki Public Health Center

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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to identify factors that affect the intention and behavior of nurses in initial response to radiation accidents/disasters. A questionnaire survey was conducted with nurses working at disaster base hospitals or nuclear emergency core hospitals and nuclear emergency medical cooperation institutions( nuclear hospitals). A significant effect of intention on behavior was observed in both groups. In addition, the determinant factor of nurses for their intention in radiation/nuclear disasters was their disposition towards their expertise, followed by their practical knowledge. However, there was no significant effect of cooperative framework on intention or behavior. Determinants for behavior were intention and expectations from others in both groups. In the disaster base hospital group, on the other hand, uneasiness to radiation exposure affected their intention, and practical knowledge influenced intension and behavior. In contrast, uneasiness to radiation exposure did not affect intention or behavior, and behavior was not affected by practical knowledge in the group from nuclear hospitals. Thus, our results suggest that there are factors affecting intention and behavior which could or could not be overcome by education/ training. Measures for a nurse to work with pride as an expert in this field and with social standing are also required for smooth nursing care in radiation emergencies.

Journal

  • Hirosaki Medical Journal

    Hirosaki Medical Journal 71 (1), 1-11, 2020

    Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine,Hirosaki Medical Society

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