Characterization of bovine interleukin-2 stably expressed in HEK-293 cells

  • MITOMA Shuya
    Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
  • EL-KHAIAT Heba M.
    Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, 13736 Moshtohor, Toukh, Qalyubia, Egypt
  • UTO Tomofumi
    Division of Immunology, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan
  • SATO Katsuaki
    Division of Immunology, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan
  • SEKIGUCHI Satoshi
    Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan Division of Prevention and Control for Animal Diseases, Center for Animal Disease Control, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
  • NORIMINE Junzo
    Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan

Search this article

Abstract

<p>Interleukin 2 (IL-2) is a pleotropic cytokine and well-known as a T cell growth factor in immunology. It is now known to exert both immunostimulatory and immunosuppressive effects, optimizing immunological microenvironments for effector and regulatory T cell responses. The immunomodulatory role of IL-2 is critical for deciding whether or not T cell responses against specific antigens result in protection. We have established a mammalian cell line (HEK-293) stably expressing bovine IL-2 (boIL-2) (designated as HEK-293/boIL-2), using the piggyBac transposon system. The concentration of recombinant bovine IL-2 (rboIL-2) in the culture supernatant of HEK-293/boIL-2 reached 100 ng/ml on day 7 and showed similar proliferative activity to recombinant human IL-2 (rhuIL-2) for bovine peripheral mononuclear blood cells. Although rhuIL-2 has been often used to activate bovine T cells, our results indicate that characteristics of the T cell activation through rboIL-2 and huIL-2 appear slightly but significantly different. Interestingly, the rboIL-2/anti-boIL-2 monoclonal antibody (C5) (rboIL-2/C5) complex strongly induced proliferation of bovine NKp46+cells, natural killer (NK) cells, in vitro. This indicates that the rboIL-2/C5 complex could function as an IL-2 agonist specifically to increase the NK cell population, which in turn could enhance the activity of NK cells leading to protective immunity.</p>

Journal

Citations (1)*help

See more

References(26)*help

See more

Related Projects

See more

Details 詳細情報について

Report a problem

Back to top