A Study on the Establishment of Non-Formal Education Using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Japan

  • TAKAHASHI Katsushige
    Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology
  • KURISHIMA Kazuhiro
    Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology
  • HONDA Sumihisa
    Graduate School of Biomedical Science, Nagasaki University
  • JAHNG Doosub
    Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology

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  • 日本の教育の現状を踏まえた,ICT を活用したノンフォーマル教育の場の設置に関する研究
  • ニホン ノ キョウイク ノ ゲンジョウ オ フマエタ,ICT オ カツヨウ シタ ノンフォーマル キョウイク ノ バ ノ セッチ ニ カンスル ケンキュウ

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<p>In order for children to grow in today’s educational environment, they need to receive not only support from schools but also from their local community. Furthermore, improvement in information and communication technology (ICT) literacy is becoming a pressing issue that needs to be addressed. The purpose of this study is to create and consider the possibilities of a venue for non-formal education through a privately-run program utilizing ICT. Content of the non-formal education consisted of observance of rules as law-abiding citizens and topics related to local lifestyles and occupations in the community. Five members from the local area were designated as instructors for the classes. A total of 18 participants were recruited through flyer distribution. The program adapted a web version of Key Words Meeting (KWM), an education and training support system that can produce a visualization from the preparatory stages of the classes to the learning process after the classes. The effectiveness of the classes was evaluated based on the proportion of each keyword that was retained by the participants, as measured by KWM. Classes were held five times from September through November 2017 with 17 children participating in the first class, 15 in the second, 12 in the third, 14 in the fourth, and 7 in the fifth. The results indicated that there were capable members from the local area who could serve as instructors in the classes. Efforts to recruit the participants were affected by factors such as cooperation from local schools, the weather, and club activity schedules. In the classes, the proportions of each keyword retained by the participants came close to or exceeded 75%. The study presents the possibility of sustainable non-formal education through the development of various topics that are specific to the regional characteristics of the local community, as evidenced by the visualized data obtained from KWM. </p>



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