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Cultural Chronology of the Kaman-kalehoyuk Site in the Anatolia Area of the Meddle East(Proceedings of the 19^<th> Symposium on Chronological Studies at the Nagoya University Center for Chronological Research in 2006,Part 2)

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  • 中近東アナトリア地域におけるカマン・カレホユック遺跡の文化編年(第19回名古屋大学年代測定総合研究センターシンポジウム平成18(2006)年度報告,第2部)

Abstract

The Anatolian area in Middle East has the intricate history background due to the mixture of many nations and cultures since ancient times. Recently, the cultural chronologies has been constructed based on archaeological evidences obtained from the key sites in Turkey, for instance Tory and Gordion sites. They played a key role in Oriental Archaeology. However, these chronologies began to indicate some contradictions against new evidences based on ^<14>C dating, dendrochronology and typology. There is the common theme to reconstruct a reliable chronology in Anatolia. The Kaman-kalehoyuk site is also one of key sites that are excavated for the same aim. Although ^<14>C dating was carried out for excavated materials in this site about ten years ago, no useful result for the chronology has been derived yet. In this study, based on AMS ^<14>C ages, we would like to introduce the calendar ages to the cultural chronology, and indicate the more objective chronology. Charred materials (mainly charred grains), human and animal bones and shards of earthenware from the Kaman-Kalehoyuk site were selected for AMS ^<14>C dating, based on excavation reports since 1986. All samples possess detailed information like excavated situation and related ages. The obtained ^<14>C ages were calibrated to calendar ages and boundary ages of each cultural stratum, with an OxCal program using the relative ages of measured samples. Figure 1 shows the estimated chronology of the Kaman-Kalehoyuk site estimated by the obtained results. This chart maintains the archaeological chronology very well. Especially, the boundary ages between Iron age stratum IId, Dark age, and stratum IIc are quite consistent with the dendrochronological age of 884 BC dated by Huber and Kuniholum. There are also some results that suggest the residence of peoples for some unconfirmed periods.

第19回名古屋大学年代測定総合研究センターシンポジウム平成18(2006)年度報告<第2部> Proceedings of the 19th symposiumon on Chronological Studies at the Nagoya University Center for Chronological Research\in 2006 日時:平成19 (2007)年1月15日(月)~17日(水) 会場:名古屋大学シンポジオン Date:January15th-17th, 2007 Venue:Nagoya Uhiversity Symposion Hall

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