Creative Improvisation in Disaster Response : The Case of Practice in the Area Affected by the Kumamoto Earthquake

DOI DOI HANDLE HANDLE Open Access

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • 災害対応における創造的即興 : 熊本地震被災地の実践を事例に
  • サイガイ タイオウ ニ オケル ソウゾウテキ ソッキョウ クマモト ジシン ヒサイチ ノ ジッセン ヲ ジレイニ
  • オオサカフ ホクブ ジシン ニ オケル サイガイ ボランティア ノ キョウソウ ガクセイ ヲ チュウシン トシタ ツッパリ ボウ ノ カイ ト 1ネン ノ ツドイ

Description

In the face of disasters, organizations and groups collaborate continuously and fluidly, coordinating with one another in order to overcome extraordinary challenges. When researchers explored this phenomenon in-depth, they employed the concept of “improvisation.” However, there is a dearth of research in the area of “creative improvisation” relating to civic agencies that do not have special plans or approaches to disaster response. This study, therefor, aims at identifying some of the most effective improvisational approaches taken by civic agencies in the field of communication where information, consciousness, and ideas converge. This paper classifies cases of creative improvisation observed during the April 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes into two types and considers the respective conditions of improvisation. These are: 1) “Place-making”: by raising several cases representing “place to convergence” scattered throughout the region, the improvisational condition that can be summarized as, "Awareness of gathering to support the affected key places" is highlighted. 2) “Forming a commonality”: through participant observation at the "informal talk" held by local civil agencies, the interaction between agencies in the sense-making process is highlighted, thus clarifying the improvisational approaches of, "the process of realizing the role while being encouraged to participate initially," and "ingenuity to induce new movement by co-editing opposite opinions".

Journal

  • 災害と共生

    災害と共生 3 (1), 57-69, 2019-08

    「災害と共生」研究会

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