Relationship between disaster prevention awareness and preparedness among residents living in mountainous areas of Japan

  • TADA Miyuki
    Department of Community Health Nursing, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University
  • IWAMOTO Saori
    Department of Public Health Nursing, Kobe City College of Nursing
  • KUBO Hiroki
    Naruto City Health and Welfare Department Health Promotion Division
  • SENOU Ayano
    Yoshinogawa City Health and Welfare Department Health Promotion Division

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Abstract

<p>Aim: This study aimed to clarify the factors influencing disaster prevention awareness and their association with disaster preparedness among residents living in mountainous areas of Japan.</p><p>Methods: An anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with health examination participants in City A in August 2018. The survey items included basic attributes, disaster prevention awareness and related factors, and disaster preparedness. Descriptive statistics were performed on each item, followed by a t-test and multiple regression analysis.</p><p>Results: In total, 113 (48.7%) valid responses were received. The mean total score on the Disaster Prevention Awareness Scale was 82.3, which was significantly higher than that found in a national survey (p < 0.01). As a result of the multiple regression analysis, “Number of years of residence” and “Experience participating in disaster prevention events” were extracted as factors affecting disaster awareness (R2 = 0.222). Significant relationships (p < 0.05) were found for all sub-factors except “Be covered by earthquake insurance”.</p><p>Conclusion: The implementation rate of disaster prevention awareness and preparedness among residents living in mountainous areas of Japan was higher than that reported in a national survey. “Number of years of residence” and “Experience participating in disaster prevention events” were extracted as factors affecting disaster awareness. In the context of preparedness, all items were related, except for “Be covered by earthquake insurance”, which is difficult to address, even if disaster prevention awareness is high, because it represents an economic burden.</p>

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