Increased circulating peroxiredoxin-4 in sepsis model rats involves secretion from hepatocytes and is mitigated by GYY4137

  • Unuma Kana
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan
  • Yoshikawa Ayaka
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan
  • Aki Toshihiko
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan
  • Uemura Koichi
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan

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Abstract

<p> Circulating peroxiredoxin-4 (Prx4) is suggested as a prognosis marker as well as a regulator of many diseases. We aimed to examine 1) whether Prx4 is secreted from the liver in an animal model of sepsis and 2) effects of GYY4137, a hydrogen sulfide donor molecule, on septic liver injury as well as the hepatic secretion of Prx4. Rats (Wistar, male, 6 weeks old) were administered lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 15 mg/kg body weight, i.p.) with or without pre-administration of GYY4137 (50 mg/kg body weight, i.p.) and sacrificed 24 h after LPS administration. Hematoxylin-eosin and Elastica Masson-Goldner stains were used to evaluate hepatic injuries. Cytokine expression levels were determined by qPCR, and the levels of Prx4 in the serum and liver were determined by immunoblotting. Hepatocytes were isolated from rat liver, and the levels of Prx4 in the medium as well as the cells were determined 24 h after the administrations of LPS (1 µg/ml), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα, 50 ng/ml), or interleukin-1β (IL-1β, 10 ng/ml), with or without GYY4137 (300 µM). Hepatic inflammation and damage in LPS-administered rats were suppressed by GYY4137. An increase in plasma Prx4 level caused by LPS was observed, but the increase was attenuated by pre-administration of GYY4137. Prx4 was secreted from isolated hepatocytes after stimulation with LPS, TNFα, or IL-1β. GYY4137 attenuated the IL-1β-induced Prx4 secretion from hepatocytes. Secretion from hepatocytes is likely involved in the increase in circulating Prx4 during sepsis. GYY4137 attenuates not only hepatic injury but also Prx4 secretion.</p>

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