Epidemiology of sports specific pains in Japanese high school and university student kendo athletes

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  • 青年期の剣道競技者における疼痛の有症状況に関する記述疫学的研究
  • セイネンキ ノ ケンドウ キョウギシャ ニ オケル トウツウ ノ ユウショウ ジョウキョウ ニ カンスル キジュツエキガクテキ ケンキュウ

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<p>Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate sports specific pain in high school and university student kendo athletes and to compare the prevalence of pain differences between age groups based on gender.</p><p>Methods: The participants included high school students from nine schools belonging to the Fukuoka Prefecture High School Kendo Federation and university student from ten universities belonging to the student Kendo Federations across the country. Questionnaires were used to investigate the prevalence of pain and their details and the characteristics and practices of the participants. Sports specific pain was defined as any pain that occurred during kendo club activities from the time the students were enrolled at their current affiliation to the time, they completed the questionnaire.</p><p>Results: A total of 143 and 272 student kendo athletes from high school and university, respectively, responded to the questionnaire. The effective response rate was 54.7%. The prevalence of pain was 60.8% and 33.8% for high school and university, respectively. In high school, the prevalence of pain and the time and frequency of practice were significantly higher than in university. In women, the prevalence and the time of practice were significantly higher than in men. Furthermore, 82.4% of the pain that had a negative impact on kendo performance; 44.1% of which had been diagnosed. According to the mechanism of pain, acute pain comprised 1/3 of all the chronic pain. The top3 frequently of pain sites were on the foot, wrist joints, and lumbar/pelvis/sacral joints in the high school, the lower leg/Achilles tendon, foot, and lumbar/pelvis/sacral joints in the university.</p><p>Conclusion: The prevalence of sports specific pain differs depending on the age groups and gender and is affected by the volume of practice. Furthermore, many athletes do not receive medical attention, despite experiencing severe pain that affects their performance.</p>

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