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Development of New Questionnaires for Schools for the National Assessment of Academic Ability : Exploratory Study of New Measurement Area

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  • 全国学力・学習状況調査の学校質問紙の開発 ─新規の測定領域の探索的検討─
  • ゼンコク ガクリョク ・ ガクシュウ ジョウキョウ チョウサ ノ ガッコウ シツモンシ ノ カイハツ : シンキ ノ ソクテイ リョウイキ ノ タンサクテキ ケントウ
  • 全国学力・学習状況調査の学校質問紙の開発 : 新規の測定領域の探索的検討

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Abstract

type:Article

本論文は,全国学力・学習状況調査における質問紙調査(児童生徒質問紙・学校質問紙)の改善に資するための国内外調査の一部である。本論文では,新しい学校質問紙の開発・実施・分析に関わる内容に焦点化して論じる。学校質問紙の課題を克服することをねらい,回答者の三分割,質問形式の変更,質問項目内容の開発と構造化,評定者の多角化などを行った。2016年12月,Z市立小学校47校,中学校22校と,全国から層化抽出した小学校254校と中学校278校,合わせて601校を対象とし,郵送法によって調査を実施した。各質問項目に対する回答状況から,学校質問紙の課題を検討したところ,肯定的回答に偏る質問が複数存在することが明らかになった。学力調査の正答率との相関関係を調べると,学級担任が回答した児童・生徒の様子や学習指導の様子が最も相関が高かったが,学校の組織的取組の中にも,正答率と相関のある項目が見出された。

This paper focuses on national and international surveys linked to the improvement of questionnaires for students and schools regarding the National Assessment of Academic Ability. We developed, implemented, and analyzed a new questionnaire to solve the problems of previous questionnaires, such as acquiescence, their ambiguous structure, and the suitability of the respondents. We split the respondents into three groups, changed the question formats and restructured the question items. In December 2016, we conducted a survey of 601 schools via mail; 47 elementary schools and 22 junior high schools in Z city and 254 elementary schools and 278 junior high schools throughout the rest of Japan were extracted via stratified sampling. We examined the capacity of each item to confirm the current situation from the responses, and multiple items were biased toward positive answers. The correlation between the items and the correct answer rate in the academic achievement survey demonstrated that the items to which classroom teachers responded about the behaviors of students and methods of instruction had the highest correlation. The items correlating with the correct answer rate were also found in items concerned with the school's organizational efforts. The findings demonstrate the novelty of this study as they demonstrate the effectiveness of our questionnaire developed with a different structure.

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