High School Career Education in a Depopulating Society : A Case Study of Nagasaki Prefectural Technical High School

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  • 人口減少社会における地域人材育成と工業高校 : 長崎県を事例に

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The purpose of this paper is to consider the new role of high school career education where rural areas are not used as steppingstones for the development of urban cities, based on the case study of career education practice at the Nagasaki Prefectural Technical High School.This study has the following three backgrounds. First, there is the progress of research on regional disparities and the role of high schools. Japan has long been growing and expanding, led by large cities. Given the wide regional disparities in educational and occupational opportunities, peopleʼs careers and regional migration have been closely linked. During all that time, high schools located in "underdeveloped areas" have supplied human resources to large cities. The structure of local high schools sending young people to large cities as springboards has resulted in the decline of local cities and the human resources depletion in the local labor market. In recent years, the role of schools in such urban-local relations has been reconsidered.Second, there is a growing expectation of school education in the regional revitalization. With the “City, People and Work Creation Act” was enacted in November 2014, regional development centering on schools is progressing nationwide. Elementary, junior high and high schools provide education that encourages career development in regions, where they were born and raised. However, the studies on their practices are not enough. It is necessary to discuss how career education should foster human resources who can contribute to the community without hindering young peopleʼs free choice of occupation and mobility.Third, population outflow outside the Nagasaki prefecture has become an issue for the prefecture. There are several technical high schools in the Nagasaki prefecture that have produced many graduates who find employment in large companies. These schools have contributed to the outflow of young people to outside the prefecture by sending graduates. As the population declines, technical high schools are being forced to change their career education.In Japan, it has been considered as a “good career” to work for a large urban company rather than a local company, and to work for one company until retirement. Interviews have shown that attempts to change career education have received resistance from teachers with these traditional values. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize the role of school education in reducing the population in rural areas, and to reconsider the "good career" assumed by school teachers.


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