Relationships among Life Skills, Aggression, and Mental Health in Japanese College Students

  • Kase Takayoshi
    Graduate School of Community and Human Services, Rikkyo University
  • Endo Shintaro
    Graduate School of Community and Human Services, Rikkyo University
  • Iimura Shuhei
    College of Health and Welfare, Oberlin University
  • Oishi Kazuo
    College of Community and Human Services, Rikkyo University

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Other Title
  • 大学生におけるライフスキルと攻撃性および精神的健康との関連
  • ダイガクセイ ニ オケル ライフスキル ト コウゲキセイ オヨビ セイシンテキ ケンコウ ト ノ カンレン

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<p> Recently, aggression has been paid attention as a risk factor of health in college students in Japan, and then to cope and prevent an expression of aggression has been an important issue. Life skills education is considered to be effective to reduce aggression. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships among life skills,aggression, and mental health, as paying attention to each composition factor and sex difference. Subjects were 561 college students (233 males, 328 females, mean age: 19.8±1.3 years). Aggression was evaluated by means of Japanese Version of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire. Daily Life skills Scale for College Students and GHQ12 were used to assess life skills and mental health respectively.</p><p> Independent t-tests between mean scores of males and females showed significant differences at “knowledge summarization”, “intimacy”, and “empathy” in life skill scores, “physical aggression” and “verbal aggression” in aggressive scores. Covariance structure analysis showed that the life skills scores were negatively related to the GHQ12 scores directly, and negatively related to the GHQ12 scores via the aggression scores. Only the models including “Physical aggression” did not show sufficient scores of goodness to fit the models.</p><p> It was suggested that improving life skills, e.g., by reducing aggression, contributed to mental health, but the process was different due to sex and/or several life skills.</p>


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