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Prevention of head and neck injury in American football

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Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • アメリカンフットボールにおける頭頚部外傷の予防
  • アメリカンフットボール ニ オケル トウケイブ ガイショウ ノ ヨボウ

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Abstract

<p>A high head and neck injury rate has been one of the problems in American football since the birth of this sport in the late 18th century. The popularity of American football in the united states encouraged research projects to be secured a player. In fact, studies in American football contributed to the rule changes and helmet renovations.</p><p>Originally a helmet became harder to prevent a catastrophic injury. However, a spinal cord injury increased by a spearing tackle in which a player made initial contact with the crown of the helmet as a weapon to an opponent player. The rule change to prohibit the tackle in 1976 resulted in more effective prevention of a serious head and neck injury. It is also clear that medical examination by using a x-ray or a computed tomography is preferred since the Torg ratio less than 0.8 increases the risk of cervical spine injuries.</p><p>Now a concussion is widely recognized as a social problem. Many studies also have been conducted in the united states but for now there is a lack of effective evidence-based prevention. To be cleared, no helmet can prevent it. Additionally, it is not clear that correct tackling techniques and cervical muscle strength are effective to prevent it.</p><p>More concussion studies in Japan are expected in the future because it remains doubtful that all results apply to Japanese athletes of different physiques and physical abilities to American counterparts.</p>

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Details

  • CRID
    1391130851452705920
  • NII Article ID
    130007945876
  • NII Book ID
    AA12795872
  • DOI
    10.24692/jsatj.6.1_3
  • ISSN
    2433572X
    24326623
  • NDL BIB ID
    031960749
  • Text Lang
    ja
  • Data Source
    • JaLC
    • NDL
    • CiNii Articles
  • Abstract License Flag
    Disallowed

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