X-ray screening for gastric cancer combined with serum risk stratification - Significance of the introduction of endoscopy to detect early stage gastric cancer -

DOI
  • NAGINO Ko
    Department of Gastroenterology, Yamagata Prefectural Central Hospital Central Committee for Gastrointestinal Screening, Yamagata-city Medical Association
  • OIZUMI Harufumi
    Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine, Oizumi Medical Clinic Central Committee for Gastrointestinal Screening, Yamagata-city Medical Association
  • ABE Yasuhiko
    Division of Gastroenterology, Yamagata University Hospital Central Committee for Gastrointestinal Screening, Yamagata-city Medical Association
  • TAKEDA Hiroaki
    Department of Gastroenterology, Yamagata Prefectural Central Hospital Central Committee for Gastrointestinal Screening, Yamagata-city Medical Association
  • UENO Yoshiyuki
    Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata University Central Committee for Gastrointestinal Screening, Yamagata-city Medical Association

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Other Title
  • リスク層別化検査併用胃X線検診の構築―対策型胃内視鏡検診導入における意義―

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<p>Yamagata City government and the Yamagata City Medical Association initiated a gastric cancer/gastritis X-ray screening with stratified gastric cancer risk assessment (ABC classification) in fiscal year 2017. The total number of subjects was 13,663, which included all residents of Yamagata city older than 40 years old. They underwent conventional X-ray screening, and optional ABC classification was performed for subjects who did not receive the ABC classification assessment and those who did not undergo Helicobacter pylori treatment. Subjects in ABC classification groups B, C, or D were recommended to undergo gastric endoscopy. Five patients were diagnosed with early stage gastric cancer, which was not detected by X-ray screening. We confirmed that gastric X-ray screening combined with ABC classification was useful. When upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was initiated as the secondary diagnostic examination, we organized a secondary diagnostic examination committee to manage the quality of diagnostic accuracy. Establishment of the endoscopic examination system with a practical protocol, which included a double-check analysis of endoscopic image interpretation and feedback of the results to the examiners, enabled us to build a foundation for gastric endoscopic screening to detect early stage gastric cancer.</p>

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