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A Study on Women's Identity and Family-Relationship in Child-Rearing Stage

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Other Title
  • 育児期における女性のアイデンティティ様態と家族関係に関する研究
  • イクジキ ニ オケル ジョセイ ノ アイデンティティ ヨウタイ ト カゾク カ
  • 育児期における女性のアイデンティティ様態と家族関係に関する研究

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Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between women's identity achievement and family-relationship, and to discuss the aspects of identity integrity from the viewpoints of personal identity and mother identity in child-rearing stage. Data were obtained on the basis of questionnaire distributed to 147 mothers who had children of 3-5 years old. Subjects were divided into the following 4 types based on the scores of Ego Identity Scale (Rasmussen, 1964) and Motherhood Concepts Questionnaire (Hanazawa, 1992): I : The Integrated; II : The Traditional; III : The Independent; and IV: The Immatured. The results are summarized as follows: 1) The integrated mothers were satisfied with the family life more than the immatured mothers, and recognized to be better understood and accepted by their husbands better than the traditional mothers. 2) Considerable differences were clarified in family-relationship among the 4 types mentioned above by SCT analysis. The integrated mothers perceived their husbands most positively and were committed most actively to their families. On the other hand, the immatured mothers had the tendency to reject their husbands and children, and not to make active commitment to their families. It is suggested that positive relationship with husband and active commitment to family were instrumental for mothers to achieve matured identity, i.e., to integrate personal identity and mother identity.

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