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Studies on the Quality of Mulberry Bark (2) : Botanical Source and Chemical Components of Mulberry Cortex

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Other Title
  • 桑白皮の品質に関する研究(2)皮層部の成分組成と基原
  • ソウ ハク ヒ ノ ヒンシツ ニ カンスル ケンキュウ 2 ヒソウブ ノ セイブン ソセイ ト キ ゲン
  • 桑白皮の品質に関する研究(2)皮層部の成分組成と基原

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Abstract

The main botanical source of Mulberry Bark in China is said to be Morus alba Linne. To determine the botanical source and quality of Mulberry Bark, we studied the chemical components of the cortex of Mulberry Barks commercially obtained in eleven provinces in China and those of the root barks of the following five species ; M. alba from China and Japan, M. mongolica (Bureau) Schneider from China, M. cathayana Hemsl. from China and Indonesia, M.australis Poiret from China and Taiwan, and M. bombycis Koidzumi from China and Japan. The commercial Chinese Mulberry Barks from seven of the eleven provinces were found to contain mulberroside A, which was detected in the cortex of four Morus species except M. mongolica. By comparing the chemical components of the cortex and cork layer of Mulberry Barks with those of the five Morus species, the main botanical sources of Mulberry Bark were M.alba and M. mongolica. Some of Mulberry Bark samples were of M. australis, M. bombycis and an unidentified type.

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