The study on the development of camper's social skills : Focusing on the differences of the process of a social skills development due to the camper's characteristics

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  • 長期キャンプ体験における参加者の対人関係能力の変容に関する研究 : 参加者の特性による社会的スキルの変容の違いに着目して(平成13年度大学院スポーツ科学研究科修士論文概要)

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This study investigated continuously the change of the camper's social skills. The length of the camp was eighteen days. It was relatively a long period of camp in Japan. The purpose of this study is to clarify the differences of a social skill development due to the camper's characteristics such as their sex, grades,past camp experience and the differences of social skills that they had before the camp. Furthermore, the validity of the Pre - Post model that make the first day of a camp the starting point to measure a social skill development is examined. The measurement of a social skill was conducted to the 36 campers( 32 analysis candidates) at the two weeks before, the first day, the 10th, the final day of the camp and one month after the camp by using the social skill measure developed by Shoji(1994). The campers were composed of elementary school (grade 5 and 6) and junior high school children. Main findings were as follows; (1) The score of the social skills of the elementary school children and the campers who didn't have a past camp experience showed distinguished falling from two weeks before the camp to the first day of the camp but distinctly improved from the first day to the final day of the camp and one month af- ter the camp.(2) The differences of the social skill development depended on their past camp experience and the height of the social skill they had before the camp. The junior high school student, campers who didn't have past camp experience and camper who had low social skill score at two weeks before the camp showed distinguished rising between before and after the camp. From these result, it became clear that a long period of camp is effective to develop children's social skills. But as it is likely to drop social skills in first few days for elementary school children or campers who don't have a past camp experience, we had better do something to soften their stress within first few days of a camp. In addition to that, it became clear that the validity of Pre-Post model is doubtful because the social skill score distinctly down at the first day of the camp in comparison with two weeks before the camp. So it may be better fixing the stating point to measure social skills on some day before a camp starts.



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