Joining of Advanced Materials by Combustion Synthesis.
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Novel joining processes are needed for the joining of similar and dissimilar combinations of advanced materials such as intermetallic alloys, structural ceramics, metal-matrix composites (MMC) and ceramic-matrix composites (CMC). Joining by combustion synthesis or self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), as a combination of SHS processing and joining technology, provides innovative joining capabilities for advanced materials. During the past decade, considerable research efforts have been directed to understanding the fundamentals of the novel joining process, joining technique developments for various materials, microstructural and mechanical characterization of the joints obtained, and process optimization and control. It is shown that SHS joining has been successfully utilized to join a variety of advanced materials. In this review article, the principle and characteristics of the joining process and the current development of the fabrication, microstructure and mechanical properties of joints and coatings made by this method were addressed. Future research directions are also indicated in this review.
- Trans. JWRI
Trans. JWRI 29 1-10, 2000