Evolution of the Apolipoprotein E Receptor 2 Gene by Exon Loss.


The apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (apoER2) gene consists of a mosaic of exons, which may have been assembled by "exon shuffling." Analysis of apoER2 transcripts in several species reveals a lost repeat in the ligand-binding domain of primate apoER2. A pseudo-exon found in the primate apoER2 genes corresponds to the lost repeat but contains a crucial deletion that leads to a translational frameshift. The pseudo-exon sequence in primary transcripts of the human apoER2 gene is shown to be abolished by exon skipping due to two nucleotide substitutions at the 5'-splice donor adjacent to the pseudo-exon. These data suggest the occurrence of exon loss in the evolution of the primate apoER2 gene.


  • J Biochem (Tokyo)

    J Biochem (Tokyo) 124 (2), 451-456, 1998

    The Japanese Biochemical Society


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