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Two Dimensions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in Junior High School Students :

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Other Title
  • 中学生におけるローゼンバーグ自尊感情尺度の2側面
  • 中学生におけるローゼンバーグ自尊感情尺度の2側面 : 「肯定的自己像の受容」と「否定的自己像の拒否」
  • チュウガクセイ ニ オケル ローゼンバーグ ジソン カンジョウ シャクド ノ 2 ソクメン : 「 コウテイテキ ジコゾウ ノ ジュヨウ 」 ト 「 ヒテイテキ ジコゾウ ノ キョヒ 」
  • —「肯定的自己像の受容」と「否定的自己像の拒否」—
  • Approving Positive Self-Image and Denying Negative Self-Image

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Abstract

  The present research tested the hypothesis that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has 2 psychological dimensions: Negative Self-Esteem (NSE), which is measured by how much participants disagree with reversed items, and Positive Self-Esteem (PSE), which is measured by how much participants agree with non-reversed items.  In Study 1, a factor analysis was conducted on 5 independent data sets from people in different age groups, ranging from university students to people in their seventies.  The results supported the hypothesis that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale may have 2 factors.  In Study 2, students from 2 junior high schools completed the survey; the results validated the 2-factor structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.  The results of Study 2 also indicated that psychological stress was negatively correlated with the Negative Self-Esteem factor, i.e., the more strongly the students disagreed with the reversed items, the less psychological stress they reported.  In Study 3, junior high school students completed the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire; the results indicated that hostility was more negatively correlated to Negative Self-Esteem than to Positive Self-Esteem.  These results support the hypothesis that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale has 2 dimensions, which could be called Approving Positive Self-Image and Denying Negative Self-Image.

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