MANGROVE FORMEMATION PROCESS BEHIND THE PEAT BAR AND THE AMOUNT OF THE CARBON STORAGE IN THE TIDAL FLAT

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  • 泥炭砂州の背後に形成されたマングローブの形成過程と有機炭素現存量
  • デイタン サス ノ ハイゴ ニ ケイセイ サレタ マングローブ ノ ケイセイ カテイ ト ユウキ タンソ ゲンソンリョウ

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Abstract

 For the newly formed tidal flats on Benkalis Island in Riau Province, Republic of Indonesia, its formation history and the amount of carbon deposited there were estimated from the field survey. The elevation of the coastal seafloor was initially about -1 m from MSL when tidelands began to be formed. Judging from the satellite image and the result of the field observation, the sandspits which consisted of peat particles deposited first, then the lagoon was formed behind the sandspit. After that, clay particles accumulated in the lagoon. Finally, a tidal flat with mangroves was formed at lagoon. It was found that the secondary sediments derived from the peat that had collapsed on another coast were accumulated in the tidal flat with less decomoposed.

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