Reasons on Restricting Freedom of Religion by Tokubetsu-Koutou Police : The background to the lese majesty issues raised in the KOUDOH-OHMOTO and HITONOMICHI Cases in 1930's Japan


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  • 特別高等警察による信教自由制限の論理 : 皇道大本とひとのみち教団「不敬事件」の背後にあるもの
  • トクベツ コウトウ ケイサツ ニ ヨル シンキョウ ジユウ セイゲン ノ ロンリ コウドウ オオモト ト ヒト ノ ミチ キョウダン フケイ ジケン ノ ハイゴ ニ アル モノ

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The Koudoh-Ohmoto and Hitonomichi cases are well known for typifying lese majesty cases in 1930's Japan. This is because previous studies concerning the oppression of religious sects by the Tokubetsu-koutou Police have focused on the various sectarian doctrines and rivalry between State and sects. However the Tokubetsu-koutou Police section actually approached these two cases from different angles. In the Koudou-Ohmoto case of 1935, the Tokubetsu-koutou Police censured the sect for becoming a progressive political movement. On the other hand, in the Hitonomiti case of 1936, the police section censured the sect for propagating unscientific superstitions. In this article we attempt to show the multiplicity of causal reasons behind the oppression of religious sects by the Tokubetsu-koutou Police, through analysis of the monthly reports of the Tokubetsu-koutou Police section.


  • Religion and Society

    Religion and Society 14 (0), 69-86, 2008

    The Japanese Association for the Study of Religion and Society


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