Survey of the Status of Pediatric Nursing OSCE Initiatives and the Need for Training Workshops


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  • 小児看護OSCEの取組みの実態と研修会ニーズに関する調査
  • ショウニ カンゴ OSCE ノ トリクミ ノ ジッタイ ト ケンシュウカイ ニーズ ニ カンスル チョウサ

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<p>〔Objective〕No studies have been conducted on the implementation of objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) in the field of pediatric nursing, as taught in nursing programs at universities in Japan. Thus, the objective of the present study was to ascertain the current status of pediatric nursing OSCE initiatives and identify the need for training workshops, in order to facilitate the widespread use of OSCE in pediatric nursing.</p><p>〔Methods〕In November and December 2015, pediatric nursing instructors at 247 universities that were members of The Japanese Association of Nursing Programs in University (one instructor per university) were sent anonymous self-administered surveys.</p><p>〔Results〕The number (percentage) of responses was 93 (37.7%), and that of university programs that implemented OSCE in pediatric nursing units was nine (9.7%). The issues related to OSCE in pediatric nursing that could be publicly released were compiled into nine items. Three university programs utilized standardized patients, and two of these programs trained standardized patients. A total of 23.5% universities indicated the desire to participate in training workshops. Six requirements that the instructors had for such workshops were identified. </p><p>〔Discussion〕Although only a small number of universities implemented OSCE in the field of pediatric nursing, in fiscal year of 2015, based on the number of universities that are currently examining the OSCE adoption, there is high interest. The universities that implement OSCE in pediatric nursing follow the standard procedures. The nine issues that were identified in OSCE in pediatric nursing were broadly divided into three fields. The use of standardized patients is helpful in resolving problems related to the limitations unique to the field of pediatric nursing. Specifically, due to the difficulty in training standardized patients who can simulate children, it has been impossible to implement OSCE programs that utilize pediatric standardized patients. However, the use of standardized patients who play the role of the pediatric patient’s parent/guardian should facilitate nursing care instructions for children and their families. Training programs that aim to make the use of OSCE in pediatric nursing more widespread are important for ensuring that the programs reflect the needs of the students.</p>



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