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Characteristics and Stages of Question-Answer Interaction Development in Normal Children.

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  • 質問‐応答関係検査 2 質的分析と会話能力の段階設定


We constructed a“Test of Question-Answer Interaction Development”and administered it to 165 normal children from 2 to 6 years of age. Qualitative analyses were made of their response utterances.<BR>The children age 2: 0-2: 5 characteristically showed no response or responses determined by nearby situations.<BR>Gradually the amount of utterances increased and responses became redundant in children age 2: 6-3: 5.<BR>The children of this stage often showed typical errors: responses bounded by their narrow experiences, responses influenced by association, and responses outside the topic. 4-year-old children seldom showed errors typical of this earlier age. They were able to keep to a topic and made well-regulated answers. Children age 5-6 considered the listener's knowledge and offered adequate amounts of explanation.<BR>These results suggest that there are four developmental stages of communicative ability focusing on question-answer conversation: (a) 2: 0-2: 5 the stage of no response or responses determined by nearby situations; (b) 2: 6-3: 5: the stage influenced by personal expriences and associations; (c) 3: 6-4: 11: the stage in which the semantic network is built; and (d) 5: 0-6: 11: the stage of meta-communication.


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