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Comprehensive study of Quality-of-Life Factors in eating disorders patients

DOI
  • KOBAYASHI Hitomi
    Graduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda University:Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kohnodai Hospital, International Medical Center of Japan
  • ISHIKAWA Toshio
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kohnodai Hospital, International Medical Center of Japan
  • NOMURA Shinobu
    Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University

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Other Title
  • 摂食障害におけるQuality of Lifeに関連する要因の包括的検討

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Abstract

This study investigated Quality of Life (QOL) in Eating Disorders (ED) patients and the factors affected to QOL in ED. Seventy-six ED patients (three males and 73 females, 25.96±6.97 years) and 36 healthy controls (36 females, 21.77±6.68 years) completed the self-reported questionnaires of World Health Organization Quality of Life 26 (QOL-26), State-Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). The scores of QOL-26 in ED patients were significantly lower than those in healthy controls (all p<.001). In ED patients, t-test for with and without binge-eating revealed that the score for "total" domain of QOL-26 in ED patients with binge-eating behavior was significantly lower (p<.05). Multiple regression analyses showed that binge-eating behavior and CES-D scores were associated with the scores of QOL-26 (all p<.001). Our study showed QOL in ED patients was significantly poorer than that in controls and keeping QOL in ED patients might suggest absence of concerns of illness. Furthermore, it was suggested that improvements of depressive mood are important for not only the recovery from ED symptoms but also QOL improvements in ED patients.

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