The Actual State of Smoking among Women from before Pregnancy till a Postpartum Period and Related Factor

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  • 妊娠前から出産後までの喫煙の実態と関連要因
  • ニンシン マエ カラ シュッサン ゴ マデ ノ キツエン ノ ジッタイ ト カンレン ヨウイン

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual condition of women's smoking before pregnancy, during pregnancy and postpartum, and also to examine the factors, which influence women to smoke, including maternal attitudes. Questionnaires were distributed to 1110 women who came for their child's 18-month regular checkup. The participants approved of the purpose of this study. Among them 449 (40.5%) returned the answer sheets. The smoking behavior of the subjects before pregnancy, during pregnancy and postpartum was divided into nine patterns. The analysis was targeted to nonsmoking (215), had quit smoking (24), resumed smoking (46) and continuation of smoking (39). The following results were obtained: The factors influencing postpartum women's smoking were, friend's smoking, mother's friend's smoking, husband's smoking and passive or negative attitudes toward maternity. The study suggests that: Medical workers need to continuously advise expecting mothers not to smoke from before pregnancy, through to the postpartum, and child rearing stage. Also those around her, husband, friends, relatives etc, should also be cautioned. Postpartum support centers could be established where people could receive information and advice as well as discuss issues about child rearing.


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