Societal Issues of Genome Edited Animals in Agriculture

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  • ゲノム編集技術の動物応用をめぐる社会的課題
  • ゲノム ヘンシュウ ギジュツ ノ ドウブツ オウヨウ オ メグル シャカイテキ カダイ
  • Genome Editing and its Application to Animal: Societal Issues

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Abstract

Genome editing is being applied in various fields of life sciences, such as medicine, agriculture, food and energy. Regarding the regulatory status of genome editing in Japan, policies are being issued by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare and the Ministry of the Environment, and applications to the fields of agriculture and food are being widely considered. However, there has hardly been any explicit discussion on the differences between applications for plants and animals. We argue there are several points that should be taken into account. In this paper, we clarify the unique regulatory issues that separate genome edited animals from plants, in particular, safety assessment, consumer perception, and animal welfare.

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