Roles and Functions of Indicators for Governing SDGs

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  • SDGs によるガバナンスの本質を踏まえた指標の役割と機能
  • SDGs ニ ヨル ガバナンス ノ ホンシツ オ フマエタ シヒョウ ノ ヤクワリ ト キノウ

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Abstract

With the establishment of a set of 232 global indicators, a three-tier structure for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was initiated this year, following the adoption of a system of goals and targets in 2015. Indicators are important pillars of the SDGs as governance through goals is simple enough to be composed of goals and their measurements without legal framework. The measurements include a progress report on SDGs prepared annually by the Secretary General of the United Nations as well as a Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR). As the SDGs involve environmental, social, and economic dimensions, a variety of measurements is possible, and the choice of index depends on the purpose of the measurement. Considering the autonomous and diffused nature of SDGs, an indicator and measurement scheme must be developed by stakeholders in order to maintain its comparable and action-based essence. The process of developing the indicator system is key to the successful transformation moving into the target date of 2030.

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